Pantheon: Skip-the-Line Entrance + Guided Tour
Pantheon: Fast Track Ticket
About Pantheon in Rome
The Pantheon in Rome. An architectural masterpiece located in the heart of Rome which stands as a testament of Roman engineering and artistic prowess. With its iconic façade and Dome being internationally recognisable and attracting visitors from all over the world. A building used as both a place of worship and a symbol of Roman architectural innovation.
The name "Pantheon" comes from the Greek words "pan," meaning 'all', and "theos," meaning 'god', which reflects its original purpose as a temple dedicated to all Roman gods.
Records suggest the original Pantheon was constructed between 27 BCE and 14 CE having been commissioned by Marcus Agrippa, an architect and family member (son-in law) of the then Emperor Augustus. The Pantheon was then reconstructed due to a fire around 80CE.
The Pantheon managed to survive the advent of Christianity as it was given to Pope Boniface IV in 608AD by Emperor Phocas and Pope Boniface IV then transformed into a church and dedicated to St. Mary and the Martyrs in the 7th century.
The Pantheon has several recognisable features including the 16 vast columns located at the front which welcome its visitors and of course the dome with a diameter of 43.3 meters. The Dome still remains the holder of a world record today as the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world.
The 'oculus' is the opening at the top of the dome and it measures 8.2 meters in diameter. It not only offers a natural source of light for the building as its open to the sky but also creates an incredible play of light and shadow within the rotunda as the hours of the day pass. To confirm, the dome is open and yes - that does mean it rains inside the Pantheon!
Inside The Pantheon, Rome
When you enter the Pantheon, you see a vast cylindrical space which is filled with Corinthian columns and niches. The Pantheon also holds a collection of amazing artwork.
The main altar is located directly beneath the oculus and is a focal point covered with religious iconography.
The Pantheon is also home to tombs of multiple notable figures which include the world-famous Renaissance artist Raphael as well as several Italian kings which add further historical importance to the building.
The Pantheon, due to the oculus, has the ability to align with celestial movements. The oculus allows sunlight to shine into the interior which casts a beam of light that moves in a solar alignment throughout the day. The feature proves the astronomical knowledge the ancient Romans had.
The Pantheon has influenced countless architects throughout history with its dome serving as a source of inspiration for other structures such as the Florence Cathedral and St. Peter's Basilica.
The Pantheon welcomes millions of visitors annually and serves as both a tourist attraction and a place of worship.
Useful Information About Pantheon
Piazza della Rotonda, 00186, Roma, RM, Italy.
How to get to Pantheon, Rome
By Hop-on Hop-off Bus: Trevi Fountain Stop and a 5-minute walk (follow signs)
By Train: Line A to Barberini Station followed by an 8-minute walk (follow signs)
By Bus: #30; #40, #62, #64, #81, #87, #492
Yes, the services are open to the public, but seating is limited and can get very busy as you can apprecaite.
People like the artiest Raphael, kings and other notable people are buried in tombs at the Pantheon in Rome.
That is correct. The original was destroyed by a fire. It was rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian.
The dome on the Pantheon holds world record for being the largest concrete dome in the world that is unreinforced.
The Oculus is the hole in the dome that allows natural light to enter the Pantheon.
The word Pantheon comes from the Greek words, 'Pan' and 'Theos' and translates to 'all the gods'
Originally a pagan temple but consecrated as a church in 608 AD